Food Corporation of India*



Case Code : CLSDM038
Publication date : 2005
Subject : Sales and Distribution
Industry : Government
Length : 05 Pages
Price : Rs. 100

To download this case click on the button below, and select the case from the list of available cases:

Sales and Distribution Management
Short Case Studies

Marketing Case Studies **
ICMR Case Study Collection
ICMR Courseware
View Detailed Pricing Info

Key words:

FCI, Famine, Food Grains, Mandis, Minimum Support Price, Stock, Godowns, Jute Bags, PDS, Fair Price Shops


* This caselet is intended for use only in class discussions.
** More comprehensive case studies are priced at Rs.200 to Rs.700 (US $5 to US $16) per copy.


ICMR India ICMR India ICMR India ICMR India RSS Feed

This caselet gives an insight into the Food Corporation of India (FCI) and its Public Distribution system through fair price shops across India. It discusses the benefit of this system during the drought in 2002 in India and also points out the flaws in the system. Finally, it takes a look at the measures taken by FCI to improve its operations.


Rationale behind fair price shops
Flaws in the FCI distribution system
Measures to improve efficiency in FCI's distribution system


In 1943, Bengal was hit by a severe famine and the country did not have enough provisions or a regulated system that could resolve the food problems of that state.

To meet such contingencies in future, Food Corporation of India (FCI), the apex organization in India, was set up in 1965 under the Food Corporation of India Act...

Questions for Discussion:

1. FCI was set up to act as an apex organization for equitable distribution of food grains to the lower end of society. However, it ended up with losses and incurred huge inventory costs. What were the flaws in the operations of FCI? How could it improve to achieve its objectives effectively?

2. FCI procured around 20-25% of the production of wheat and rice. However, despite having an adequate quantity of food grains, it was unable to cater to the needy masses effectively. How was the public distribution system responsible for this inefficiency? Suggest some measures to improve the PDS in India.