Supply Chain Management


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Pages : 325; Paperback;
210 X 275 mm approx.

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Chapter Code : SCMC09


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Supply Chain Management Textbook

Managing Transportation in a Supply Chain : Overview

Transportation is one of the major items of cost in a supply chain. As a firm's ability to serve the customers depends on how efficiently and quickly the orders are delivered, transportation management becomes one of the important operations in a supply chain. In this chapter, we first discussed the functions of transportation.

There are two important functions performed by transportation: product movement and product storage. While product movement is the primary function of transportation, temporary product storage becomes its secondary function. Later, we examined the participants present in the transportation environment.

There are five key participants in transportation environment: the shipper, the carrier, the receiver or consignee, the government, and the public. Then, we examined the costs to be considered while making transportation decisions. From the shipper's perspective, transportation costs, facility costs, inventory costs, processing costs, and customer service level costs are to be evaluated before taking any transportation decisions.

From the carrier's perspective, fixed costs like that for the terminal, information systems, equipment, vehicles, and variable costs like fuel costs, personnel costs, and toll fees need to be evaluated. Later we presented the design options for transportation networks. These are: direct shipment to the retail outlets, direct shipping with Milk Runs, shipments managed from a centralized distribution center, shipping via distribution center using Milk.

Runs and tailored transportation. Then we discussed the trade offs to be made in transportation decisions. There are two important trade-offs that a firm has to make: transportation and inventory cost trade-off, and transportation costs and customer service level trade-off. Finally, we discussed various transportation analysis techniques used by the firms. They are: the heuristic approach, the exact approach, the interactive approach, and the combination approach.

Chapter 9 : Overview

Role of Transportation in a Supply Chain

Function of Transportation in a Supply Chain

Product Movement Product Storage

Participants in Transportation Decisions
The Shipper
The Carrier
The Receiver or Consignee
The Government

Costs that Influence Transportation Decisions
Costs Affecting Shipper's Decisions
Transportation Costs Processing Costs Inventory Costs Customer service Level Costs
Costs Affecting Carriers Decisions
Fixed Costs
Variable Costs

Modes of Transport
Road Transport
Rail Transport
Water Transport
Air Transport
Intermodal Transport

Transportation Network Design
Direct Shipment Network
Direct Shipping with Milk Runs
Shipments Managed from a Centralized Distribution Center
Shipping via Distribution Center using Milk Runs
Tailored Networks
Tailored Transportation based on Customer Density and Distance
Tailored Transportation according to the Size of the Customer
Tailored Transportation According to the Product Demand and Value

Trade-offs in Transportation Network Design Decisions
Transportation and Inventory Cost Trade-offs
Choice of Transportation Mode Inventory Aggregation
Trade-offs Between Transportation Cost and Customer Service Level
Transportation Analysis Decisions
Transportation Analysis Techniques
Heuristic Approaches
Exact Approaches
Interactive Approaches
Combination Approaches