Spandana Microfinance: Surviving the Crisis|Finance|Case Study|Case Studies

Spandana Microfinance: Surviving the Crisis

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This case study was compiled from published sources, and is intended to be used as a basis for class discussion. It is not intended to illustrate either effective or ineffective handling of a management situation. Nor is it a primary information source.

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Case Details:


Case Code : FINC087 For delivery in electronic format: Rs. 300;
For delivery through courier (within India): Rs. 300 + Rs. 25 for Shipping & Handling Charges

Themes: Business Environment/ Industry Analysis/ Microfinance/ Regulatory Environment

Case Length : 12 Pages
Period : 2010-2013
Pub. Date : 2013
Teaching Note : Not Available
Organization : Spandana Microfinance
Industry : Microfinance
Countries : India


This case is about the crisis faced by Spandana Microfinance after a new government policy affected its business activities. In October 2010, the government of the state of Andhra Pradesh passed an ordinance after the microfinance industry faced a lot of allegations regarding the business practices followed by it. The ordinance made it almost impossible for Spandana and other microfinance institutions (MFIs) to collect dues from their borrowers. Banks and other financial institutions too stopped lending money to the MFIs as they feared that they might not be able to recover the loans.

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The management of Spandana under the leadership of its Managing Director, Padmaja Reddy, implemented a number of strategies to deal with the crisis. The management first cut down on its costs by closing down some branches, merging smaller branches with the bigger ones, and removing some employees. Spandanathen started to expand into other financing areas like loans to farmers and housing loans to diversify its revenue streams. Responding to the crisis faced by the Microfinance sector, the country’s central bank, the RBI, released new guidelines for the sector. These guidelines enabled MFIs like Spandana to access funds from banks again for the first time after the crisis. Spandana planned to enter new states as well as expand more aggressively in the states where it already had operations by utilizing the new funds raised. Meanwhile, Spandana along with the entire Microfinance industry was awaiting the passage of the Microfinance Institutions (Development and Regulation) Bill (MIB) in the Indian parliament. The bill would override other state legislations and make the RBI the sole regulator of MFIs in India. Spandana hoped that the new Bill would help it to get back to the growth path again.


  • Understand the issues and challenges that are faced by businesses in the face of unfavorable policy decisions taken by the government.
  • Analyze the strategies that should be followed by companies when faced with harsh government policies which stifle their growth prospects.
  • Appreciate the importance of macro environmental factors like political and legal environments that can impact business.
  • Discuss and debate whether the strategies followed by Spandana in the face of the crisis were good enough to rescue the company.
  • Discuss the pros and cons of Spandana expanding into other unrelated areas of finance like loans to farmers (Karshak) and housing loans.
  • Suggest the future strategies that Spandanacan follow in order to come back to the growth path again.
  • Contents:

      Page No.
    Introduction 1
    Background Note 1
    Crisis in the Indian Microfinance Industry 3
    Aftermath of the Crisis 4
    Surviving the Crisis 5
    Diversification 6
    Looking Ahead 7
    Exhibits 9


    Microfinance; Cash flow Management; Corporate debt restructuring; Securitization deals; Qualified Institutional Placement; Indian Microfinance industry; Business environment; Regulatory environment; Unfavorable government policies; Macroenvironment; PESTEL; Key drivers of change; SWOT; Diversification; Turnaround

    Introduction - Next Page>>

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