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Aramco’s Long-Delayed Mega-IPO Is Finally Set to Hit the Market
  Source: Bloomberg, October 10, 2019
  Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman had only just started his rise to global notoriety when he stunned the global business community in early 2016 by promising to sell shares in the Saudi Arabian Oil Co., the state oil producer. Now, after several false starts, the initial public offering of Saudi Arabia’s crown jewel—Aramco, which pumps 10% of the global crude oil supply from abundant fields under the kingdom’s desert—is finally going ahead. The government is set to make a formal announcement in late October, and the superlatives are likely to follow thick and fast: the biggest-ever share sale, the world’s most valuable company, the largest dividend payments in history.
  Our Case
  The crown prince of Saudi Arabia, Prince Salman, had stunned the world when he declared in early 2016 that Aramco’s worth would be around $2 trillion. A widening fiscal deficit and depleting foreign reserves indicated that it was no longer viable to depend on oil exports to run the nation. There was a need to diversify and the impetus to do so would come from the proceeds of the IPO. But the IPO which would decide the fate of 33 million Saudis would come with its own set of challenges. To know more, read our cases:
  “SAUDI ARAMCO”
PepsiCo India wins US award for saving more than 17 billion liters of water
  Source: Livemint, Oct 8, 2019
  The United States named PepsiCo India for the 2019 Secretary of State's Award for Corporate Excellence (ACE), recognizing its efforts to save more than 17 billion liters of water through community water programs and positively impacting 60,000 community members. PepsiCo India has been named the global ACE winner in sustainable operations in the multinational enterprise category for its sustainable farming initiative in India, a media release said.
  Our Case
  Faced with various criticisms on the social and environmental fronts, PepsiCo adopted the ‘Performance with Purpose’ strategy in 2009 under the leadership of its CEO Indra Nooyi (Nooyi). This strategy was based upon the philosophy that the company’s financial performance should go hand in hand with its responsibilities toward society and the environment. The new sustainable development program contained 47 commitments that PepsiCo made toward society and these were divided into four broad areas: Performance, Human Sustainability, Environmental Sustainability, and Talent Sustainability. To know more, read our case:
  “Sustainable Development at PepsiCo”
Cipla hits 52-week low as USFDA issues 12 observations for Goa facility
  Source: Moneycontrol.com, September 30, 2019
  Shares of Cipla touched 52-week low of INR 425, falling 3% in the early trade on September 30 after company received 12 observations for its Goa facility in India. The United States Food and Drug Administration (USFDA) conducted a cGMP inspection at company's Goa manufacturing facility from September 16-27, 2019. The inspection ended with 12 observations, none of which are related to data integrity.
  Our Case
  Cipla is a leading Indian pharmaceutical company operating in India and across the world either directly or through subsidiaries or joint ventures. From being a domestically focussed company in the early 1990s, Cipla has transformed itself into a multinational company with its share of revenues from international operations increasing from 10% in the early 1990s to 60% during the fiscal year 2017-18. Of the major objectives Cipla planned to achieve during the fiscal year 2018-19, improving its operational performance was one key short-term motive. To know more about Cipla, read our cases:
  “Operational Performance of Cipla Limited-An Overview”
  “Liquidity Analysis of Cipla Limited”
Grofers aims $1 billion revenue by year-end, to add 700 kirana stores
  Source: Business Today, September 29, 2019
  India-based online grocery platform Grofers plans to clock USD 1 billion in revenue by the end of the year, on the back of strong growth in both its online and offline businesses. Softbank-backed online grocery firm also aims to add 700 kirana stores to the network. Grofers founder Saurabh Kumar said that the distribution expansion to offline kirana stores earlier this year has helped in increasing penetration of the G-brands, adding that the offline model has bolstered the company's business.
  Our Case
  Grofers was named Onenumber when it was launched and the name was changed to Grofers in December 2013. From 2017, Grofers re-launched its operations in 5 out of 9 cities, expanded its product categories (2017), launched its own label, “Grofers” (2018), began bringing local kiranas under the Grofers brand (2018), and modified its supply chain by adding 6,500 local service partners, to solve the pick-up and distribution problems (2018). Grofers recorded revenues of Rs 10 billion in FY2018, amidst losses of Rs 2.58 billion. To know more, read our cases:
  “Grofers` Growing Ambition in Online Grocery Market in India”
  “Grofers: Will the Hyper Local B2C Model Survive?”
India's Mars mission Mangalyaan completes 5 years
  Source: livemint.com, September 25, 2019
  The Mangalyaan mission, which was initially meant to last six months, has completed five years of orbiting Mars and is likely to continue for some more time, says ISRO chief K Sivan. In the last five years, the Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM), India's first interplanetary endeavor, helped India's space agency prepare a Martian Atlas based on the images provided by the orbiter.
  Our Case
  With the success of its Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM), also called Mangalyaan, India became the first country to succeed in its maiden attempt to reach Mars. However, what captured the attention of the international media was the shoestring budget in which the mission was accomplished. At US$74 million, the budget was less than what was spent on the Hollywood movie ‘Gravity’, released the same year. To know more about MOM, read our case:
  “India’s Mars Orbiter Mission: Triumph of Frugal Engineering”
Lupin shares decline on USFDA observations for Tarapur facility
  Source: Moneycontrol.com, September 23, 2019
  Shares of Lupin fell more than 1% in early trade on September 23 after the company received three observations from USFDA. USFDA has carried out inspection at its Tarapur manufacturing (API) facility. The inspection was carried out between September 16 and September 20, 2019. At 0932 hrs, Lupin was quoting at INR749.50, down INR6.60, or 0.87 percent on the BSE.
  Our cases
  Headquartered in Mumbai, Lupin made significant investments in R&D, infrastructure, exports, herbal markets and other therapeutic segments to compete effectively with domestic and global pharma majors. On November 7, 2017, the Lupin stock hit a 52-week low of INR846.20 when the pharma major informed the NSE and the BSE about the warning letter it had received from the USFDA. Following the steep decline in the stock price, the company's market valuation eroded by INR78.66 billion. Concerned over Lupin Ltd margins, most of the brokerage houses cut their target price on the stock. Investors were left wondering whether they should sell the stock, hold it, or buy more. To know more, read our case:
  “Lupin Stock: Risk Return”
Amway aims up to 12% of India business from consumer durables segment
  Source: StocksMarket.in, September 23rd, 2019
  Amway India is expecting its consumer durables business to contribute around 12% to the company's overall turnover in the next two to three years as the direct selling firm is carrying portfolio expansion plans in the segment. Amway India, as part of expansion of its product portfolio, also announced foray into emerging home air purifier segment and aims to clock sales of around INR100 crore in the next 12 to 18 months. Besides, the company is planning to enter the water purifier segment and is working on the project.
  Our Cases
  Amway India commenced its operations in the country in 1998 and became the first company in the Indian direct selling industry to use a combined strategy of direct selling and multi-level marketing (MLM), called the ‘Amway Business Model’, to sell its products. To know about the challenges faced by the company in India, primarily due to the lack of a clear definition of ‘direct selling’ and absence of a regulatory framework, read our case:
  “Amway India-From Direct Selling to Omni Channel Business Strategy”
OnePlus to set up 8 pop-up stores in India
  Source: The Economic Times, September 19, 2019
  Chinese premium smartphone maker OnePlus is going to set up eight pop-up stores in as many cities to support sales and create buzz ahead of the launch of its latest smartphone. These pop-up stores will be rolled out from September 27 in Mumbai, Bengaluru, New Delhi, Pune, Hyderabad, Chennai, Ahmedabad and Kolkata. The company said pop-up stores have been a part of the OnePlus launch culture since its initial days and have become synonymous with the brand in India.
  Our Case:
  Following its launch in India in December 2014, OnePlus sold close to one million smartphones in the country by the end of 2015. However it has a long way to go to catch up with market leaders in India, including home grown players and Chinese smartphone brands that offer high-end phones at affordable prices. To know about the company’s strategy in India, read our case:
  “OnePlus: The Chinese Smartphone Start-up Targets India”
  Our Other Case
  “OnePlus: A Chinese Tech Start-up Aiming to Disrupt the Global Smartphone Market”
  “Economics of OnePlus”
Vodafone Idea jumps 16% as company still number one in user base
  Source: Livemint, September 19, 2019
  Shares of Vodafone Idea Ltd surged as much as 16.5%, its biggest jump in one month, after data by Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) showed the company continued to reign as the top telecom operator in India on the basis of total number of subscribers. The latest subscriber data, released by TRAI, showed Vodafone Idea leading with 38 crore subscribers, followed by Reliance Jio with 33.98 crore, and Airtel with 32.85 crore users.
  Our Case
  Reeling under intense competition and the changing dynamics within India’s telecom sector, Idea Cellular Ltd. and Vodafone Group Plc.’s Indian arm announced on March 21, 2017, that they had decided to merge in a $23 billion deal. The merger would create India’s largest telecom company by subscriber base and revenue market share and the world’s second largest mobile telecom operator. Reportedly, the combined entity would boast of about 400 million customers, a 35% customer market share, and a 41% revenue market share, overtaking market leader Bharati Airtel Limited and posing a strong threat to new entrant Reliance Jio. To know more, read our cases:
  “Can Vodafone-Idea Emerge as India’s Top Telecom Provider?”
  “Idea – Vodafone Merger: Consolidation in the Indian Telecom Sector”

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