Spain:Navigating through an Economic Crisis

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This case study was compiled from published sources, and is intended to be used as a basis for class discussion. It is not intended to illustrate either effective or ineffective handling of a management situation. Nor is it a primary information source.

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Case Details:


Case Code : ECON043 For delivery in electronic format: Rs. 500;
For delivery through courier (within India): Rs. 500 + Shipping & Handling Charges extra


Economic Downturn
Case Length : 19 Pages
Period : -
Pub. Date : 2013
Teaching Note : Not Available
Organization : -
Industry : -
Countries : Spain


The case discusses the economic crisis which hit Spain in 2007 and the various austerity measures taken by the government to beat the impact of this crisis. Triggered by the bursting of the housing bubble, Spain’s economy suffered a setback with its youth unemployment rate reaching 27% in 2013. Till 2007, Spain was a growing economy when its construction sector accounted for 12% of the country’s gross domestic product and housing prices were also at their peak. Banks from Germany and other countries financed many of Spain’s local and commercial banks. The country was an attractive destination for foreign investors too. However, behind this splendid growth, there was a growing property bubble which was waiting to burst.

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The case also discusses how Europe’s fourth largest economy — Spain — fell deep into the crisis. The aftermath of the crisis was huge and engulfed the whole economy, resulting in the collapse of the banking system, increasing unemployment, a weakening construction and housing sector, and the overall deterioration of Spain’s economy.

Various austerity measures were taken up by the government of Spain to reduce public deficit. A cost cutting plan was initiated that involved reduction of salaries in the public sector and cutting or reducing other payments. Several regional banks or cajas were restructured, and a fund was incorporated. Many of the small banks were merged. A rescue package was provided for Spanish banks.

Mechanism and Creation of Asset Management company set up to manage the assets arising from the banks’ restructuring, helped in restructuring and consolidating the financial system of the economy. By 2013, the country was believed to be out of recession but not out of the crisis. Remarkable progress was noticed in fiscal correction and house price correction along with the private debt and external balance corrections.


The case has the following objectives

»Understand how Spain’s growing economy fell into a crisis.
»Study how the housing bubble burst and affected the whole economy.
»Analyze the impact of the Eurozone debt crisis on Spain’s economy.
»Examine how the Spanish economy suffered after the property bubble burst.


  Page No.
Introduction 1
The Origins 2
The Crisis 3
The Aftermath 4
Collapse Of The Spanish Banking system 5
Growing Unemployment 6
Shrinking Construction Sector And Housing Market 7
Deteriorating Economy 8
The Rescue Measures 9
Growing Unemployment 10
Austerity Measures 11
On Road Recovery 12
Exhibits 13


Spain’s economy, Crisis, Recession, Housing bubble, Eurozone debt crisis, Unemployment, Construction sector, Cajas, Deficit, GDP, Austerity Measures, FROB, SAREB, IMF

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